PURPLEK KreAlkalyn Buffered Creatine Monohydrate pH12+ 1500 mg Just like the original, the PURPLEK found in PURPLEK REPS is also pHcorrect and fuels your immediate energy system by increasing stores of adenosine triphosphate ATP C10H16N5O13P3 and phosphocreatine PCr C4H10N3O5P. During workouts, ATP and PCr get used up and broken down, triggering acidosis acid buildup, which in turn drops the pH inside your muscle, triggering muscle failure, shorter sets and missed opportunities. Supplementing with the creatine found in PURPLE.K increases the availability of ATP and PCr, which are both crucial to fuelling the muscle energy cycle. The result of this is gains in lean muscle mass and increased strength. And, by utilizing its advanced pHcorrect buffer, PURPLEK prevents the onset of acidosis and muscle failure, which means more available energy to push longer and harder. Reps Complex 5480 mg Total BetaAlanine 3200 mg Betaalanine is a nonessential amino acid that can increase the level of carnosine in the muscle. Research has shown that when betaalanine is consumed, it enters the bloodstream and is taken up by the muscle cells, where it is synthesized with the abundant amino acid Lhistidine to form the dipeptide carnosine. The primary function of intramuscular carnosine is to buffer hydrogen ions H+, which get produced during a highintensity workout. Carnosine neutralizes or buffers acidic buildup in the muscles by locking up these hydrogen ions and thereby increasing time to fatigue, allowing you to push longer and train harder. Betaalanine makes those last few reps of a set possible, meaning that you can push out more reps, which in turn can lead to more hypertrophic muscle growth. Without carnosines buffering action, a buildup of acid occurs, causing the pH in muscles to drop, resulting in burning muscle pain, unfinished sets, and falling short on your training session. Whats more, research has shown that combining betaalanine with creatine can result in more increases in lean mass, more loss of body fat and greater maximumstrength lifts when compared to supplementing with just creatine alone. Citrulline Malate 2250 mg Citrulline malate is a nonessential amino acid that plays many vital roles when it comes to maximizing your training sessions. During an intense training session, disturbances in the metabolic processes can result in catabolism of amino acids, increased levels of ammonia, toxic nitrogen metabolites and limited arginine availability. Supplementation with citrulline malate can increase arginine levels even more effectively than taking arginine on its own. By increasing levels of arginine, you are increasing the amount of nitric oxide available to the muscles, thereby increasing nutrient delivery and maximizing muscle pump during your training. Citrulline malate can also help eliminate byproducts of protein metabolism, reduce the negative effects of ammonia, and help eliminate that lactic acid burn experienced during extreme training sessions, therefore assisting in its antifatigue properties and reduced muscle soreness. Research has also shown that supplementation with citrulline malate can increase anaerobic energy production, resulting in an increased number of reps per set, and can also increase aerobic energy production by increasing the rate of muscle ATP production during exercise. That means more energy is available to working muscles from both of these pathways, allowing you to go the distance during every training session. CoEnzyme Q10 30 mg Coenzyme Q10 CoQ10 is a highly effective antioxidant that can counteract the free radical damage that can result from an intense training session. CoQ10 is a vitaminlike, fatsoluble substance that plays several important roles in the body, including electron transport along the respiratory chain to produce ATP, and thus, energy. It also supports the regeneration of other antioxidants. Supplementing with CoQ10 can reduce deficiency of this important nutrient during an intense workout. Several studies have found that CoQ10 supplementation may improve aerobic power, anaerobic threshold, exercise performance, and recovery after a workout. Lastly, CoQ10 can increase time to exhaustion, which means you can be sure you are getting every last rep you can during a working set. Muscular Energy Complex 1038 mg LCarnitine 1000 mgoenzyme in the regeneration of glutathione, therefore playing a major role as an antioxidant. Vitamin B3 Niacinamide 5 mg Niacin is a watersoluble vitamin also known as nicotinic acid. It is used to form the coenzymes nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide NAD and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate NADP. As many as 200 enzymes require the niacin coenzymes NAD and NADP. NAD functions most often in energyproducing reactions involving carbohydrates, fats, proteins and alcohol. NADP functions more often in biosynthetic reactions, such as in the synthesis of all macr
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